When you're first starting out in architectural design, you'll rarely work with clients who have unlimited budgets. Almost everyone you design for will have to keep costs in check, and many will be working within tight constraints.
Can you deliver beautiful, functional, eco-friendly, innovative designs on a budget? Absolutely. Provided you know how to keep costs low without sacrificing on quality.
Whether you're working with your own clients in a private practice, or supporting architects at a big firm—your ability to manage costs will be key to your success as an architectural designer.
These are 4 essential ways to develop design concepts your clients will love, without breaking the bank.
1. Nail down budget during your first design consultation
After gaining experience at an architecture or design firm, you could easily find yourself conducting client consultations on your own. This means you'll be meeting with clients to discuss their building ideas, develop initial sketches, and finalize all the details before construction begins.
It's absolutely crucial to talk about costs during this early stage of the design process. You'll need to make sure the client understands exactly how much their design will cost to build, the price of making additional changes along the way, and any other factors that could eat into their budget for the project.
Nailing down prices up front, and agreeing to stick to a fixed budget, is rule number one to controlling costs for your clients.
2. Keep the floor plan simple & efficient
More square footage always equals more cost: more materials to construct, more money to heat and cool, more expense to maintain.
When designing for cost-conscious clients, it is absolutely crucial to keep your floor plan small and efficient. During those initial consultations, talk about what each room in the space will be used for. What are the top priorities? Where could you shave off a few square feet?
You don't need to sacrifice the essentials, or create a claustrophobic design! It's more about mapping out the most efficient floor plan, thinking creatively, and eliminating unnecessary waste.
3. Recommend lower-cost materials & finishes
Let's say your client wants a high-end look, without a big-budget price tag. These days, there is an incredible range of affordable materials and finishes that look beautiful without breaking the bank.
For example, instead of a textured plaster finish or tray ceilings in every room, you could suggest a more modern, simple approach—with a few well-placed embellishments in the most high traffic rooms.
Client wants to use a lot of decorative tile in the bathroom and/or kitchen? Remind them how expensive this material can be, both to purchase and install. Instead, recommend using just a few tiles as accents, to get a beautiful effect at a much lower cost.
Remember: when it comes to materials, you need to consider more than just the upfront cost. Things like installation, maintenance, and replacement must also be factored into your client's budget. Durability is key. Your options should look great, and have a long life span too.
4. Promote energy-efficient solutions
Don't forget that building costs extend beyond the construction phase—and include the ongoing maintenance of the buildings you design. We're talking about things like energy and water consumption.
If your client is on a tight budget, they'll really appreciate your knowledge of energy efficient solutions that will continue to save them money well into the future.
In fact, if they're thinking long-term, they will likely want to allocate a good portion of their budget to things like top quality, high-performance insulation, window glazing, high-efficiency light fixtures, and radiant flooring.
You should also gear your design toward natural energy sources. Consider solar orientation and sun paths when designing the shape and placement of rooms, to maximize freely available daylight, or keep high traffic areas shaded in hot climates. You might also suggest rainwater or grey-water recycling systems to save on municipal water costs.
Not only does efficient architectural design reduce environmental impact (a huge plus for many clients), it keeps maintenance costs low for years into the future. It's a win-win all around.
Interested in learning more about the architectural design and building process? Considering a career in this field, and looking for a top-rated architectural design college in Toronto?
Explore the Architectural Design Program available at Herzing College at the Toronto campus. Click below to explore a detailed list of architectural design courses, admissions requirements, career paths—or to chat live with a friendly advisor. We're here to help!